Private Wells v. Public Wells
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), this is where your well water comes from…
Rain falls. Some of the rain water is absorbed by the ground.
The absorbed water that is not used by vegetation slowly flows down through dirt, sand, and gravel until a dense layer of rock is encountered.
“Ground water” is that water that is trapped below ground and above the dense layer of rock. This is the water supply that is tapped when a “well” is drilled.
Ground water is also known as “aquifer”, and “ground water aquifer”.
Private wells are not owned by a public entity (city, town, etc.) and serve a very limited number of homes. Well water treatment may or may not be used on privately owned wells.
Public wells are owned by a public entity (city, town, etc.) and generally serve 5 or more homes and businesses. Well water treatment is always used on public wells.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2007 over 15,000,000 households relied on private wells for drinking water.
Is Water Treatment Required For Wells?
According to the CDC, as a private well owner you are responsible for ensuring that your well water is safe to drink.
Wells should be tested on an annual basis to determine if water treatment is warranted or required for your well.
The State of California is now enforcing title 22 regulations which require well owners to become compliant with state law. The Los Angeles County Health Department is in charge of making sure that all new water wells and some existing well meet all potable drinking water standards on most private water wells and all public water wells with 5 or more connections.
There are some rumblings in our state government of conditional use permits on private well owners to assure the state that the drinking well water standards are being met.
Pro Water Solutions has been very active in this process and has helped many well owners through this complex and difficult process of having water wells meet the Los Angeles County Health Department’s and the State of California drinking water standards.
If you are a well owner, we can help guide you through this process and submit all documents needed to come into well water compliance…
At a minimum, annual tests should be conducted for:
- Total coliform bacteria
- Total dissolved solids, and
- ph levels (Acidity/Alkalinity)
In addition, the Water Quality Board recommends that wells be routinely tested for:
- Iron (Ferric)
- Red Water Iron (Ferrous) (causes red stains on fixtures)
- Hydrogen Sulfide (rotten eggs odor)
- Turbidity (sediment)
- Manganese (black stains on faucets)
- Sulfur Bacteria
- Tannins (yellow/brown tea-like stains)
Well water should also be tested:
- If there are problems with other wells in your area,
- If there are problems near the well (flooding, etc.),
- If any part of the well system is repaired or replaced, or
- If there is a change in water quality (taste, odor, color, etc.)
Pro Water Solutions can test your well water for FREE, so call us for an appointment and a recommendation of treatment, should there be a problem with your well water.
Well water testing can also be done by state and local health or environmental departments or agencies.
Contaminants can enter well water from a variety of sources:
- Naturally occurring chemicals and minerals,
- Naturally occurring chemicals and minerals,
- Industrial processes,
- Malfunctioning septic systems
The first question to ask is, “What problem are you trying to correct?”
- Did you get a laboratory generated county report with specific elements, like arsenic, that need to be removed?
- Do you have a bad taste or odor?
- Is sediment collecting in changeable filters and household faucet screens?
- Do your kitchen and bathrooms have hard water deposits and scale build up?
- Does your well report show high amounts of harmful bacteria?
All of these issues, and more, are important factors for well owners. However, the good news is that all of these issues are correctable.
At Pro Water Solutions we offer the latest, proven, and most cost effective well water filtration and treatment systems available on the market today.
We analyze every well on an individual basis. After our testing, or if you have a current well water report we will custom tailor a treatment plan and system that solves your individual well water problem(s) within your budget.
Whether your well is high in arsenic, iron, has sediment, or is just high in problem causing minerals (hard water) Pro Water Solutions will solve the problem(s).
What Well Water Treatment Options Exist?
Make sure that your loved ones are drinking the best quality water by choosing the right well water treatment system for your water purification needs.
Well water treatment can be by many different methods. No well water treatment system can deal with all well water contaminants. Well water treatment can be at the point of entry (POE) of water into the home, or at the point of use (POU).
Some of the most common well water treatment systems are:
- Various types of filtration systems (charcoal, paper, chemical, etc.),
- Water softeners (which primarily remove “hard water” ions),
- Distillation systems (turns water to steam, then condenses steam to liquid water leaving most of the solid contaminants behind),
- Disinfection (chlorine, ozone, ultra violet light, heat, etc.)
- Chlorination injectors or chlorinators: Used to control E Coli and coliform bacteria.
- Water Softeners: Most effective way to control water hardness and scale build-up.
- Depth Filtration or Multi-Media Filter Used to control sediment and turbidity.
- Conditioning and Carbon Filtration Systems Used to control bacteria and give make well water taste good if it has a taste problem. This technology can also be used to control water scale and hardness without the use of salt or potassium.
- Aeration Used to naturally remove hydrogen sulfide.
- Ph Neutralizers: Used to correct water that is too alkaline or two acidic.
- Ultraviolet Filtration Used to control bacteria. Often combined with reverse osmosis (RO), or other technology, and does not use chemicals.
- Reverse Osmosis (RO): This is the best way to filter water. Does not use chemicals. Pro Water Solutions has whole-house systems, as well as “under sink” models.
Contact your well water treatment specialists, Pro Water Solutions, to review your well water treatment needs today.
How to choose a Well Water Treatment contractor…
- What is their Better Business Bureau rating? It should be at least “A+”
- Does their equipment have a Water Quality Association “Gold Seal”?
- Does the contractor belong to the Water Quality Association?
- If you are considering buying your well water treatment equipment or system from an internet company, department store, or “wholesale” outlet:
- Who will install the well water treatment system and assume full responsibility for proper performance and installing it in full compliance with all applicable building codes?
- Who is responsible for damage if the well water treatment system or the new plumbing leaks?
- Who troubleshoots the system if there is any problem?
- The familiar statement, “Some assembly required”, takes on a whole new meaning when you buy a well water treatment system from one of these sources.
- Avoid well water treatment contractors who try to get you to sign up for regular service
- Will the contractor state in writing that they will not use “day labor” on your project? “Day laborers” are not insured. If one of them gets injured on your job, you could be held liable as their “employer”.
- Does the contractor have valid liability and worker’s compensation insurance? Insist on being listed as “additionally insured” on their insurance policies. These are certificates issued directly from the insurance carriers. There may or may not be an extra charge for this.